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麻风病防治核心知识及相关问答

发布时间 : 2020-02-01 浏览:

一、麻风病是一种慢性传染病,主要通过飞沫的呼吸道吸入和长期密切的皮肤接触传播。绝大多数人对麻风病具有免疫力,发病率低。


千亿体育 wenti1:mafengbingshiruhechuanrande? 

da:mafengbingshiyoumafengganjunyinqideyizhongmanxingchuanranbing,zhuyaoqinfanpifu、zhouweishenjing、shanghuxidaonianmoheyanjingdengzuzhi,tongguopifumiqiejiechuhuohuxidaofeimochuanbo。mafengbingdechuanranyuanzhuyaoshiweijingzhiliaodeduojunxingmafengbinghuanzhe。95%yishangderenduimafengganjunyouzhengchangdikangli,jishiganranlemafengganjun,fabingdebiliyehendi。 


二、麻风病可防、可治、不可怕。 


wenti2:mafengbingdeliuxingqingkuangruhe? 

da:jushijieweishengzuzhibaogao,2012nianquanqiuxinfaxianmafengbingli232857li,zhuyaofenbuzaiyindu、baxi、yindunixiyadengguo。jinnianwoguomeinianbaogaoxinfaxianmafengbinglijunzai1000liyishang,2012nianxinfabingren1206li,dabufenshengfendouyouxinfaxianmafengbingli。 


wenti3:zenyangyufangmafengbing? 

千亿体育 da:miqiejiechuhuodongxingmafengbinghuanzheshidaikouzhao、jiechuhouxishou、zhuyigerenweisheng、jiaqiangyingyang、tigaojitidikanglidengkeyijianshaohuanmafengbingdeweixian。 


三、麻风病早期症状是浅色或红色皮肤斑片,常伴感觉丧失。 


wenti4:mafengbingdezhuyaobiaoxianyounaxie? 

da:mafengbingdelinchuangbiaoxianduozhongduoyang,zaoqizhuyaoshipifushangchuxianbutongbuyangdeqiansehuohongsebanpian,rubunengzaoqifaxianhezhiliao,bingqizhangshipifuduobanyouganjuejiantuihuosangshi,bingqingzhujianfazhanhoukeyichuxiantuyan、waizui、zhuaxingshou、chuizu、zudikuiyangdengjican。 


四、怀疑患麻风病,应当尽早到专业机构就诊。 


千亿体育 wenti5huaiyimafengbing,yinggaiqunalijiuzhen? 

da:ruguohuaiyiziyidelemafengbing,yinggaizhudongqupifubingfangzhiyuan(suo、zhan)dengmafengbingfangzhijigoujianchazhiliao,huoyudangdijibingyufangkongzhizhongxinlianxizixun。 


五、国家对麻风病的诊断和治疗实行免费政策。 


千亿体育 wenti6:guojiaduimafengbingfangzhiyounaxiezhengce? 

da;2004 nian,zhongyangcaizhengjiangmafengbingfangzhinarulegonggongweishengzhuanxiang,gejizhengfuyejiyulewendingdezijintouru,muqianwoguoduimafengbingdezhenduanhezhiliaoshixingmianfei。weilegulifaxianmafengbinghuanzhe,gejizhengfushixingbaobingjiangli,zhongyangcaizhengjiyushidangbuzhu。ciwai,minzhengdengbumenyeweimafengbinghuanzhetigongbiyaodeyiliaoheshenghuojiuzhudeng。 


千亿体育 wenti7:woguoxiaochumafengbingweihaidemubiaoshishenme? 

da:2011nian,woguo11gebumenlianheyinfale《quanguoxiaochumafengbingweihaiguihua(2011-2020nian)》,yaoqiudao2020nianshixianxiaochumafengbingweihaidemubiao,tichuquanguomafengbinghuanzheshuliangjiao2010nianjianshao50%,98%yishangdexian(shi)mafengbinghuanbinglvkongzhizai1/l0wanyixia,xinfaxianmafengbinghuanzhezhong2jijicanzhekongzhizai20%yinei。 


六、早诊早治可避免畸残,规范治疗可完全治愈。 


wenti8:mafengbingruhezhiliao? 

da:muqian,mafengbingdezhiliaozhuyaocaiyongshijieweishengzuzhituijiandelifuping(rfp)、anbenfan(dds),lvfaqiming(b663)dengyaowujinxinglianhehualiao。menzhenzhiliaobannianhuo1nianjikewanchengliaocheng,xiaoguolianghao。zaoqijishizhiliaokeyibimiangezhongmafengbingcanjidefasheng。 


七、今年我国“世界防治麻风病日”活动主题是“加速行动,消除麻风危害”。 


wenti9:shijiefangzhimafengbingrishimeiniandenayitian? 

da:1954nian,shijieweishengzuzhiquedingmeinian1yuedezuihouyigexingqiriwei“shijiefangzhimafengbingri”。meiniandezheiyitian,xuduoguojiajuxinggezhongxingshidehuodong,yidongyuanshehuililianglaibangzhumafengbingrenkefushenghuohegongzuoshangdekunnan,yingzaoshehuizhichihuanjing。 


千亿体育 wenti10:mafengbingdeweihaiyounaxie? 

da:mafengbingdeweihaibaokuo:yishimafengbingzhibing、zhijizaochenghuanzhebufenhuoquanbulaodonglisangshi,duirenminqunzhongshentijiankangzaochengweihai。ershiyouyushehuiduimafengbingdebulejie,duimafengbingrenchanshengqishihepianjian,duigeren、jiatingheshehuidailaifumianyingxiang。sanshimafengbingliuxinghezaochengcanji,zengjiashehuifudanjiduiweishengziyuandexiaohao。 


千亿体育 wenti11:xiaochumafengbingweihaiyingcaiqunaxiecuoshi? 

da:weilexiaochuyishangweihai,jianshaoyumafengbingxiangguandefudan,xudongyuanzhengfugebumenheshehuigejiejijicanyu,jiaqiangbinglizaoqifaxian,zaoqizhiliao,yufangjican;jiadaxuanchuanjiaoyu,tigaoqunzhongmafengbingfangzhizhishi,cujinjishijiuzhen,xiaochushehuiduimafengbingdeqishihepianjian,changdaoduimafengbinghuanzheguanhuaihezhichi,hongyangzunzhongheguanaimafengbinghuanzhedelianghaoshehuifengshang。 

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